Justice and Future Generations
 Intergenerational Justice
I have written a series of papers on intergenerational justice. My earliest work focused on the intergenerational issues surrounding climate change and the concept of a social discount rate,
 ‘Climate Change, Intergenerational Equity, and the Social Discount Rate’, Politics, Philosophy & Economics, vol.13 no.4 (2014), 320-342. This has been reprinted in The Ethical Underpinnings of Climate Economics (London: Routledge, 2017) edited by A. Walsh, S. Hormio & D. Purves.
 ‘Climate Change and the Future: Discounting for Time, Wealth and Risk’, Journal of Social Philosophy vol.40 no.2 (2009), 163-186
 ‘Human Rights, Climate Change, and Discounting’, Environmental Politics vol.17 no.4 (2008), 536-555. A revised version has been reprinted in Climate Change, Ethics and Human Security (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010) edited by K. O’Brien, A. St. Clair, and B. Kristoffersen, 113-130.
In later work I develop a more general account of our responsibilities to future generations.
 'Justice and Future Generations', Annual Review of Political Science vol.21 forthcoming (2018).
 Institutional Design
I am also writing a series of papers on how best to reform existing domestic and international institutions in order to promote greater long-term thinking and intergenerational equity. Citizens and politicians often focus very much on the short term. A number of factors contribute to this, including (i) features of human nature, (ii) the decision-making frameworks and economic methodologies that political and economic actors employ, (iii) the pace of life in modern societies, and (iv) political and economic institutions and practices. The resulting myopia can have very harmful consequences, resulting in both great inefficiency and grave injustice.
I have written several papers on how to reform the legislative process in democratic systems to incentivise a greater concern for the long-term, namely:
 ‘Political Institutions for the Future: A Fivefold Package’ in Institutions for Future Generations (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016) edited by Axel Gosseries and Iñigo González Ricoy, 135-155.
 'Political Short-Termism', Academic Foresights no.16 July-December (2016).
 'Democracy and the Future' (unpublished manuscript).
Finally, I wrote a commissioned paper for the Mary Robinson Foundation Climate Justice on how to encourage multilateral negotiation processes (such as those focussing on climate change policies and the Sustainable Development Goals) to realize principles of intergenerational equity.